On October 1, the European Commission sent a letter of formal notice to the United Kingdom for breaching its obligations under the Withdrawal Agreement.
The letter marks the beginning of a process during which the United Kingdom has one month to reply.
On September 9, the United Kingdom’s government tabled a Bill that, if adopted, would violate the Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland, as it would allow the United Kingdom’s authorities to disregard the legal effect of the protocol’s provisions under the Withdrawal Agreement. Representatives of the UK government have acknowledged this violation.
So far, the United Kingdom has failed to withdraw the contentious parts of the Bill, despite requests by the European Union.
Article 5 of the Withdrawal Agreement states that the European Union and the United Kingdom must take all appropriate measures to ensure the fulfilment of the obligations arising from the Withdrawal Agreement.
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