From deadly heatwaves and devastating droughts, to decimated forests and coastlines eroded by rising sea levels, climate change is already taking its toll in Europe and worldwide.
To prepare for the unavoidable impacts of climate change and build a climate-resilient future, the European Commission adopted today a new EU Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change, setting out the pathway.
Building on the 2013 Climate Change Adaptation Strategy, the aim of today’s proposals is to shift the focus from understanding the problem to developing solutions, and to move from planning to implementation.
Economic losses from more frequent climate-related extreme weather are increasing. In the EU, these losses alone already average over €12 billion per year. Conservative estimates show that exposing today’s EU economy to global warming of 3°C above pre-industrial levels would result in an annual loss of at least €170 billion. Climate change affects not only the economy, but also the health and well-being of Europeans, who increasingly suffer from heat waves; the deadliest natural disaster of 2019 worldwide was the European heatwave, with 2,500 deaths.
EU action on climate change adaptation must involve all parts of society and all levels of governance, inside and outside the EU. A climate resilient society will be built by:
i) improving knowledge of climate impacts and adaptation solutions;
ii) stepping up adaptation planning and climate risk assessments;
iii) accelerating adaptation action; and
iv) helping to strengthen climate resilience globally.
Smarter, swifter, and more systemic adaptation
Adaptation actions must be informed by robust data and risk assessment tools that are available to all – from families buying, building and renovating homes to businesses in coastal regions or farmers planning their crops.
To achieve this, the strategy proposes actions that push the frontiers of knowledge on adaptation to gather more and better data on climate-related risks and losses, making them available to all. Climate-ADAPT, the European platform for adaptation knowledge, will be enhanced and expanded, and a dedicated health observatory will be added to better track, analyse and prevent health impacts of climate change.
Climate change has impacts at all levels of society and across all sectors of the economy, so adaptation actions must be systemic. The Commission will continue to incorporate climate resilience considerations in all relevant policy fields by supporting the further development and implementation of adaptation strategies and plans with three cross cutting priorities:
i) integrating adaptation into macro-fiscal policy;
ii) nature-based solutions for adaptation, and;
iii) local adaptation action.
Stepping up international action
Climate change adaptation policies must match the EU’s global leadership in climate change mitigation. The Paris Agreement established a global goal on adaptation and highlighted adaptation as a key contributor to sustainable development. The EU will promote sub-national, national and regional approaches to adaptation, with a specific focus on adaptation in Africa and Small Island Developing States, by increasing support for international climate resilience and preparedness through the provision of resources, by prioritising action and increasing effectiveness, through the scaling up of international finance and through stronger global engagement and exchanges on adaptation. The EU will also work with international partners to close the gap in international climate finance.
The European Commission announced this new, more ambitious EU Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change in the Communication on the European Green Deal, following a 2018 evaluation of the 2013 Strategy and an open public consultation between May and August 2020. The European Climate Law proposal provides the foundation for increased ambition and policy coherence on adaptation. It integrates the global goal on adaptation in Article 7 of the Paris Agreement and Sustainable Development Goal 13 action into EU law. The proposal commits the EU and Member States to make continuous progress to boost adaptive capacity, strengthen resilience and reduce vulnerability to climate change. The new adaptation strategy will help make this progress a reality.